- Improving access to information
- Improving the relevancy of information
- Improving utility of information for a particular audience or group of clients
- Developing and maintaining quality information over time (Cummings, 2002)
How do Webpage and Website Designers Fulfill the Goals of Information Architecture?Webpage and website designers typically use the following criteria:
StructureHierarchy of Content: Structure content in a vertical direction or manner. This is usually done by using a top-down or bottom-up approach:
- A top-down approach starts with limited information and ends with broader information.
- A bottom-approach starts with broad generalizations and moves progressively toward more and more limited information (Farnum, 2001)
OrganizationContent Inventory: Many times, websites are large in scale and website users are unaware or unfamiliar with its content. Website information should be organized as lists. Content must present what it is trying sell or advertise. Content inventory includes:
- overview of the topic of the web page
- page title and URL
- date of page creation, revision, and future revision
- expiration date
- author of the web page
- web page status (in other words, being edited, in review, or ready for posting).(Dunn, Scherle)
Information NavigationConcept and Site Maps: Concept and site maps can be useful for smaller websites. However, they provide a complete hierarchical picture for larger websites. These maps serve to present important content, helping site visitors to find the information they are searching for (Barker, 2005). For more information, refer to the following resources.
BibliographyBarker, Iain. 2005, May 2. "What is information architecture?" Two Step Designs http://www.steptwo.com.au/papers/kmc_whatisinfoarch/index.html Cummings, Michael. 2002. Information Architecture. http://www.interaction-design.org/printerfriendly/encyclopedia/information_architecture.html Dunn Jon, Scherle Ryan. "Building a fedora architecture to support diverse collections" Digital Library Program, Indiana University.
Farnum, Chris. 2001. "Don't Make Me Think! A Common Sense Approach to Web Usability". Argus Center for Information Architecture http://argus-acia.com/content/current_content.html Princeton University. "Guide to creating website information architecture and content". The Trustees of Princeton University. http://www.princeton.edu/communications/services/docs/IAguide2.pdf The Information Architecture Institute. "What is IA taxonomy?" The Information Architecture Institute. http://iainstitute.org/en/learn/education/taxonomy.php