Revision for “Glossary – R” created on April 17, 2018 @ 22:32:22

Title
Glossary - R
Content
<td id="content_col"> <!-- edit page button --> <!-- page content --> <h1 id="pageTitle">Glossary - R</h1> <span><p>Return to <a href="http://www.tcbok.org/wiki/glossary/">Glossary</a> home</p> <h3><a name="RaceCondition" id="RaceCondition"><span style="color: #0000ff">Race condition</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A cause of concurrency problems in which there are multiple accesses to a shared resource, at least one access of which is a write, with no mechanism used by either resource to moderate simultaneous access.</p> <h3><a name="RAD" id="RAD"><span style="color: #0000ff">RAD</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RapidApplicationDevelopment">Rapid application development</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RaggedLeft" id="RaggedLeft"><span style="color: #0000ff">Ragged left</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-F#FlushRight">flush right</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RaggedRight" id="RaggedRight"><span style="color: #0000ff">Ragged right</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-F#FlushLeft">flush left</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RAID" id="RAID"><span style="color: #0000ff">RAID</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RedundantArrayOfIndependentDisks">Redundant array of independent disks</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RaisedCap" id="RaisedCap"><span style="color: #0000ff">Raised cap</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A style in which the first letter of a paragraph appears in a larger point size and aligns with the bottom of the first line. See also <a href="Glossary-D#DropCap">drop cap</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RaisedPrinting" id="RaisedPrinting"><span style="color: #0000ff">Raised printing</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-T#Thermography">thermography</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RAM" id="RAM"><span style="color: #0000ff">RAM</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#ResponsibilityAssignmentMatrix">Responsibility assignment matrix</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RampTesting" id="RampTesting"><span style="color: #0000ff">Ramp testing</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Testing in which an input signal is continuously raised until the system breaks down.</p> <h3><a name="RandomSample" id="RandomSample"><span style="color: #0000ff">Random sample</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-R#RepresentativeSample">representative sample</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Range" id="Range"><span style="color: #0000ff">Range</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">In statistics, the difference between the smallest and largest values in a data set.</p> <h3><a name="RankorderScales" id="RankorderScales"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rank-order scales</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A technique used to measure a respondent’s order of preference within a set of items.</p> <h3><a name="RapidApplicationDevelopment" id="RapidApplicationDevelopment"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rapid application development (RAD)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A variation on joint application development which creates an application more quickly through strategies such as using fewer formal methodologies and reusing software components. See also <a href="Glossary-P#ProjectManagementMethodologies">project management methodologies</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RapidPrototyping" id="RapidPrototyping"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rapid prototyping</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A type of prototyping in which emphasis is placed on developing prototypes earlier in the development process to permit early feedback and analysis in support of the development process.</p> <h3><a name="RasterGraphics" id="RasterGraphics"><span style="color: #0000ff">Raster graphics</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-B#BitmapGraphics">bitmap graphics</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RatioScale" id="RatioScale"><span style="color: #0000ff">Ratio scale</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A numeric measurement scale in which the distances between units on the scale are all equal and there is a true zero point. See also <a href="Glossary-I#IntervalScale">interval scale</a>, <a href="Glossary-N#NominalScale">nominal scale</a>, <a href="Glossary-O#OrdinalScale">ordinal scale</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RationalUnifiedProcess" id="RationalUnifiedProcess"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rational Unified Process (RUP)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A methodology that uses an iterative approach to development, which facilitates code reuse, product changes, and early risk mitigation, documentation, testing, and product release. See also <a href="Glossary-P#ProjectManagementMethodologies">project management methodologies</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RDF" id="RDF"><span style="color: #0000ff">RDF</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#ResourceDescriptionFramework">Resource description framework</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RDU" id="RDU"><span style="color: #0000ff">RDU</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RemainingDuration">Remaining duration</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Readability" id="Readability"><span style="color: #0000ff">Readability</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A measure of the degree to which a user can easily and accurately read written text, usually stated as a required age or grade level. See also <a href="Glossary-L#Learnability">learnability</a>, <a href="Glossary-U#Usability">usability</a>.</p> <h3><a name="ReadercenteredApproach" id="ReadercenteredApproach"><span style="color: #0000ff">Reader-centered approach</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Writing that considers the readers’ goals, situations, experience, and expectations.</p> <h3><a name="RealInterestRate" id="RealInterestRate"><span style="color: #0000ff">Real interest rate</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An interest rate that has been adjusted to remove the effect of expected or actual inflation.</p> <h3><a name="RealOrConstantDollarValues" id="RealOrConstantDollarValues"><span style="color: #0000ff">Real or constant dollar values</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Economic units measured in terms of constant purchasing power.</p> <h3><a name="RealAudio" id="RealAudio"><span style="color: #0000ff">RealAudio</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An application that produces highly compressed audio files to broadcast real-time, live audio on the web.</p> <h3><a name="ReallySimpleSyndication" id="ReallySimpleSyndication"><span style="color: #0000ff">Really simple syndication (RSS)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A family of web feed formats used for web syndication. See also <a href="Glossary-W#WebFeed">web feed</a>, <a href="Glossary-W#WebFeedFormats">web feed formats</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RealtimeTransportProtocol" id="RealtimeTransportProtocol"><span style="color: #0000ff">Realtime transport protocol (RTP)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A data transfer protocol used to provide live media to one or more clients at the same time.</p> <h3><a name="RealtimeTransportStreamingProtocol" id="RealtimeTransportStreamingProtocol"><span style="color: #0000ff">Realtime transport streaming protocol (RTSP)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The standard used to transmit stored media to one or more clients at the same time.</p> <h3><a name="RealVideo" id="RealVideo"><span style="color: #0000ff">RealVideo</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An application that delivers real-time, broadcast-quality video on the web.</p> <h3><a name="Ream" id="Ream"><span style="color: #0000ff">Ream</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">500 sheets of paper.</p> <h3><a name="ReasonableAccommodation" id="ReasonableAccommodation"><span style="color: #0000ff">Reasonable accommodation</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An adjustment to the normal work environment, method, or circumstances that enables an individual with a disability to perform the essential functions of the position.</p> <h3><a name="ReasonableCost" id="ReasonableCost"><span style="color: #0000ff">Reasonable cost</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A cost that in its nature and amount does not exceed that which would be incurred by a prudent person in the conduct of competitive business. See also <a href="Glossary-C#CostTypes">cost types</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Rebaselining" id="Rebaselining"><span style="color: #0000ff">Re-baselining</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Establishing a new project baseline because of significant or wide-ranging changes in project scope.</p> <h3><a name="Reconciliation" id="Reconciliation"><span style="color: #0000ff">Reconciliation</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The process of improving relationships that have been negatively affected by a conflict.</p> <h3><a name="RecordsManagement" id="RecordsManagement"><span style="color: #0000ff">Records management</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The effective and efficient receipt, processing, storage, and retrieval of all project records in whatever form (hardcopy, electronic, and so on).</p> <h3><a name="RecoveryTesting" id="RecoveryTesting"><span style="color: #0000ff">Recovery testing</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Testing to confirm that the program recovers from expected or unexpected events without loss of data or functionality. Events can include shortage of disk space, unexpected loss of communication, or power out conditions.</p> <h3><a name="Recto" id="Recto"><span style="color: #0000ff">Recto</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">On a two-sided document, the even-numbered page that appears on the right side. See also <a href="Glossary-V#Verso">verso</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RecurringCosts" id="RecurringCosts"><span style="color: #0000ff">Recurring costs</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Expenditures against specific tasks that would occur on a repetitive basis; for example, tool maintenance. See also <a href="Glossary-C#CostTypes">cost types</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Redline" id="Redline"><span style="color: #0000ff">Redline</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A hard copy or on-screen version of a document that shows all changes since the prior version.</p> <h3><a name="RedundantArrayOfIndependentDisks" id="RedundantArrayOfIndependentDisks"><span style="color: #0000ff">Redundant array of independent disks (RAID)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An array of disk drives that protects stored data from multiple disk drive failures.</p> <h3><a name="RegisterMarks" id="RegisterMarks"><span style="color: #0000ff">Register marks</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Crossed or perpendicular lines used to align colors, cuts, folds, and so on. Also called crossmarks, position marks.</p> <h3><a name="RegressionAnalysis" id="RegressionAnalysis"><span style="color: #0000ff">Regression analysis</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A statistical technique used to compare and identify relationships between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables.</p> <h3><a name="RegressionTesting" id="RegressionTesting"><span style="color: #0000ff">Regression testing</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Retesting a previously tested program following its modification to ensure that unintended effects or errors have not been introduced or uncovered as a result of the changes made, and that the program still complies with its specified requirements.</p> <h3><a name="RelationshipMarketing" id="RelationshipMarketing"><span style="color: #0000ff">Relationship marketing</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Marketing strategies that focus on building and maintaining a lifelong relationship with a customer. See also <a href="Glossary-M#MarketingTypes">marketing types</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RelativePrice" id="RelativePrice"><span style="color: #0000ff">Relative price</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A price ratio between two goods as, for example, the ratio of the price of energy to the price of equipment.</p> <h3><a name="ReleaseCandidate" id="ReleaseCandidate"><span style="color: #0000ff">Release candidate</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A pre-release version of a product which contains the desired functionality of the final version, but which needs to be tested for bugs (which ideally should be removed before the final version is released).</p> <h3><a name="Reliability" id="Reliability"><span style="color: #0000ff">Reliability</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The extent to which a product will continue to operate under stated conditions for a stated period of time rather than failing or shutting down.</p> <h3><a name="RemainingDuration" id="RemainingDuration"><span style="color: #0000ff">Remaining duration (RDU)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The time needed to complete an activity.</p> <h3><a name="RemainingFloat" id="RemainingFloat"><span style="color: #0000ff">Remaining float (RF)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The difference between the early finish date and the late finish date.</p> <h3><a name="Repeatability" id="Repeatability"><span style="color: #0000ff">Repeatability</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A process’ ability to be performed multiple times with the same result.</p> <h3><a name="Replicability" id="Replicability"><span style="color: #0000ff">Replicability</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The ability to duplicate an activity, process, or result at a different location or at a later time.</p> <h3><a name="RepresentativeSample" id="RepresentativeSample"><span style="color: #0000ff">Representative sample</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A random sample that is a true representation of the population. Also called probability sample, random sample.</p> <h3><a name="RequestForInformation" id="RequestForInformation"><span style="color: #0000ff">Request for Information (RFI)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A formal request for a vendor to provide market information (for example, availability, capabilities, and cost) for a product or service. See also <a href="Glossary-R#RequestForProposal">request for proposal</a>, <a href="Glossary-R#RequestForQuotation">request for quotation</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RequestForProposal" id="RequestForProposal"><span style="color: #0000ff">Request for Proposal (RFP)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A formal invitation that contains a scope of work and seeks a formal response (proposal) describing both methodology and compensation to form the basis of a contract. See also <a href="Glossary-R#RequestForInformation">request for information</a>, <a href="Glossary-R#RequestForQuotation">request for quotation</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RequestForQuotation" id="RequestForQuotation"><span style="color: #0000ff">Request for Quotation (RFQ)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Generally equivalent to request for proposal; however, in some application areas, may have a more narrow or specific meaning. See also <a href="Glossary-R#RequestForInformation">request for information</a>, <a href="Glossary-R#RequestForProposal">request for proposal</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Requirement" id="Requirement"><span style="color: #0000ff">Requirement</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A condition or capability needed by a customer/user to solve a problem or achieve an objective. Also, a condition or capability that must be met or possessed by the product to satisfy a contract, standard, specification, or other formally imposed documents.</p> <h3><a name="RequirementsAnalysis" id="RequirementsAnalysis"><span style="color: #0000ff">Requirements analysis</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The process of studying customer/user(s) needs to arrive at a definition of system, hardware, or software requirements. Also called job analysis. <a href="http://www.tcbok.org/wiki/requirements-analysis-guide/">GUIDE</a></p> <h3><a name="RequirementsDefinition" id="RequirementsDefinition"><span style="color: #0000ff">Requirements definition</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The period of time during which the requirements for a software product are defined and documented.</p> <h3><a name="RequirementsManagement" id="RequirementsManagement"><span style="color: #0000ff">Requirements management</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A Software Engineering Institute Capability Maturity Model key process area designed to establish a common understanding between the customer/user and the project team regarding the customer/users' software requirements. This understanding forms the basis for estimating, planning, performing, and tracking the project's activities throughout the life cycle.</p> <h3><a name="RequirementsSpecification" id="RequirementsSpecification"><span style="color: #0000ff">Requirements Specification</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A work product deliverable that describes in detail, in non-technical language that the customer/users can understand, the manual and automated requirements of the product that will be delivered. Typically included are functional requirements, performance requirements, and interface requirements.</p> <h3><a name="RequirementsTraceability" id="RequirementsTraceability"><span style="color: #0000ff">Requirements traceability</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The process of understanding, documenting, approving, and auditing the relationships between a system’s components and functions and the requirements from which the system was developed. Each system function and component should be directly traceable to a requirement identified by a user, client, customer, or stakeholder.</p> <h3><a name="RequirementsTraceabilityMatrix" id="RequirementsTraceabilityMatrix"><span style="color: #0000ff">Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A project document that tracks the requirements identified in the Functional Requirements Document (FRD) and their implementation throughout the development and testing processes. <a href="http://www.tcbok.org/wiki/requirements-traceability-matrix-template/">TEMPLATE</a></p> <h3><a name="Research" id="Research"><span style="color: #0000ff">Research</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The systematic gathering of data, facts, and information designed to advance knowledge.</p> <h3><a name="ResearchDesign" id="ResearchDesign"><span style="color: #0000ff">Research design</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An overall plan of action to ensure that the study objectives are met.</p> <h3><a name="ResearchMethods" id="ResearchMethods"><span style="color: #0000ff">Research methods</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The strategies researchers use to collect data, facts, and information. See also <a href="Glossary-B#BiographicalStudy">biographical study</a>, <a href="Glossary-C#CaseStudy">case study</a>, <a href="Glossary-E#Ethnography">ethnography</a>, <a href="Glossary-G#GroundedTheory">grounded theory</a>, <a href="Glossary-P#PhenomenologicalStudy">phenomenological study</a>, <a href="Glossary-S#SurveyTypes">survey types</a>.</p> <h3><a name="ResearchSkills" id="ResearchSkills"><span style="color: #0000ff">Research skills</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The attributes required to be a successful researcher, which include the ability to recognize and evaluate problems, think independently, and develop theories.</p> <h3><a name="Reserve" id="Reserve"><span style="color: #0000ff">Reserve</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A provision in the project plan to mitigate cost and/or schedule risk.</p> <h3><a name="ResidualRisk" id="ResidualRisk"><span style="color: #0000ff">Residual risk</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A risk that remains after implementing risk responses.</p> <h3><a name="Resolution" id="Resolution"><span style="color: #0000ff">Resolution</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The crispness of an image, measured in dots by line (for example, 1024 x 768) or dots per inch (for example, 600 dpi).</p> <h3><a name="ResourceAllocation" id="ResourceAllocation"><span style="color: #0000ff">Resource allocation</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The process of assigning the resources or assets necessary to carry out priority-based strategies and to achieve objectives.</p> <h3><a name="ResourceDescriptionFramework" id="ResourceDescriptionFramework"><span style="color: #0000ff">Resource description framework (RDF)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A web content syndication format. See also <a href="Glossary-W#WebFeed">web feed</a>, <a href="Glossary-W#WebFeedFormats">web feed formats</a>.</p> <h3><a name="ResourceLeveling" id="ResourceLeveling"><span style="color: #0000ff">Resource leveling</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Any form of network analysis in which management concerns (such as limited resource availability) drive scheduling decisions (start and finish dates).</p> <h3><a name="ResourcePlan" id="ResourcePlan"><span style="color: #0000ff">Resource Plan</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A document that defines the number and types of resources required to successfully complete a project.</p> <h3><a name="ResourcePlanning" id="ResourcePlanning"><span style="color: #0000ff">Resource planning</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Determining what resources (people, equipment, and materials) are needed in what quantities to perform project activities.</p> <h3><a name="ResourcelimitedSchedule" id="ResourcelimitedSchedule"><span style="color: #0000ff">Resource-limited schedule</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A project schedule whose start and finish dates reflect resource availability.</p> <h3><a name="ResponsibilityAssignmentMatrix" id="ResponsibilityAssignmentMatrix"><span style="color: #0000ff">Responsibility assignment matrix (RAM)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A document that relates the project organization structure to the work breakdown structure to help ensure that each element of the project’s scope of work is assigned to a responsible individual.</p> <h3><a name="ResponsibilityChart" id="ResponsibilityChart"><span style="color: #0000ff">Responsibility chart</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-R#ResponsibilityAssignmentMatrix">responsibility assignment matrix</a>.</p> <h3><a name="ResponsibilityMatrix" id="ResponsibilityMatrix"><span style="color: #0000ff">Responsibility matrix</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-R#ResponsibilityAssignmentMatrix">responsibility assignment matrix</a>.</p> <h3><a name="ResultorientedManagement" id="ResultorientedManagement"><span style="color: #0000ff">Result-oriented management</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A management approach based on achieving maximum results based on previously established clear and measurable agreements. See also <a href="Glossary-M#ManagementStyles">management styles</a>.</p> <h3><a name="ResultsbasedLeadership" id="ResultsbasedLeadership"><span style="color: #0000ff">Results-based leadership</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A leadership style that effectively connects leadership attributes (such as personal integrity and analytical thinking) with leadership results for the customers, employees, investors, and organization. See also <a href="Glossary-L#LeadershipStyles">leadership styles</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Resume" id="Resume"><span style="color: #0000ff">Resume</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A document that summarizes a person’s education, professional experience, and job qualifications.</p> <h3><a name="Retainage" id="Retainage"><span style="color: #0000ff">Retainage</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A portion of a contract payment that is held until contract completion to ensure full performance of the contract terms.</p> <h3><a name="Return" id="Return"><span style="color: #0000ff">Return</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The difference between the value of the benefits and the costs of a project.</p> <h3><a name="ReturnOnInvestment" id="ReturnOnInvestment"><span style="color: #0000ff">Return on investment (ROI)</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The financial return for a given outlay. <a href="http://www.tcbok.org/wiki/return-on-investment-guide/">GUIDE</a></p> <h3><a name="Revenues" id="Revenues"><span style="color: #0000ff">Revenues</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An income statement term, referring to the sum of money owed the company for sales of goods and services, before adjustments for customer discounts and allowances. See also <a href="Glossary-N#NetSalesRevenue">net sales revenue</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Reverse" id="Reverse"><span style="color: #0000ff">Reverse</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The technique of displaying light text on a dark background.</p> <h3><a name="ReverseEngineering" id="ReverseEngineering"><span style="color: #0000ff">Reverse engineering</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Developing design specifications by inspection and analysis of an existing product.</p> <h3><a name="Rework" id="Rework"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rework</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Action taken to bring a defective or nonconforming item into compliance with requirements or specifications.</p> <h3><a name="RF" id="RF"><span style="color: #0000ff">RF</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RemainingFloat">Remaining float</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RFI" id="RFI"><span style="color: #0000ff">RFI</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RequestForInformation">Request for Information</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RFP" id="RFP"><span style="color: #0000ff">RFP</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RequestForProposal">Request for Proposal</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RFQ" id="RFQ"><span style="color: #0000ff">RFQ</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RequestForQuotation">Request for Quotation</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RGB" id="RGB"><span style="color: #0000ff">RGB</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Red-green-blue. The combination of colors that display as a single color on a computer monitor. See also <a href="Glossary-C#CMYK">CMYK</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Rhetoric" id="Rhetoric"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rhetoric</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The study of how to use language effectively.</p> <h3><a name="RhetoricalStrategies" id="RhetoricalStrategies"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rhetorical strategies</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-A#Alliteration">alliteration</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Anacoluthon">anacoluthon</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Anadiplosis">anadiplosis</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Anaphora">anaphora</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Anastrophe">anastrophe</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Antithesis">antithesis</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Aporia">aporia</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Aposiopesis">aposiopesis</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Apostrophe">apostrophe</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Archaism">archaism</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Assonance">assonance</a>, <a href="Glossary-A#Asyndeton">asyndeton</a>, <a href="Glossary-B#Brachylogy">brachylogy</a>, <a href="Glossary-C#Catachresis">catachresis</a>, <a href="Glossary-C#Chiasmus">chiasmus</a>, <a href="Glossary-C#Climax">climax</a>, <a href="Glossary-E#Euphemism">euphemism</a>, <a href="Glossary-H#Hendiadys">hendiadys</a>, <a href="Glossary-H#Hypallage">hypallage</a>, <a href="Glossary-H#Hyperbaton">hyperbaton</a>, <a href="Glossary-H#Hyperbole">hyperbole</a>, <a href="Glossary-H#HysteronProteron">hysteron proteron</a>, <a href="Glossary-I#Irony">irony</a>, <a href="Glosl.html#Litotes">litotes</a>, <a href="Glossary-M#Metaphor">metaphor</a>, <a href="Glossary-M#Metonymy">metonymy</a>, <a href="Glossary-O#Onomatopoeia">onomatopoeia</a>, <a href="Glossary-O#Oxymoron">oxymoron</a>, <a href="Glossary-P#Paradox">paradox</a>, <a href="Glossary-P#Paraprosdokian">paraprosdokian</a>, <a href="Glossary-P#Paronosmasia">paronosmasia</a>, <a href="Glossary-P#Personification">personification</a>, <a href="Glossary-P#Pleonasm">pleonasm</a>, <a href="Glossary-P#Polysyndeton">polysyndeton</a>, <a href="Glossary-P#Praeterito">praeterito</a>, <a href="Glossary-P#Prolepsis">prolepsis</a>, <a href="Glossary-S#Syllepsis">syllepsis</a>, <a href="Glossary-S#Synchysis">synchysis</a>, <a href="Glossary-S#Synecdoche">synecdoche</a>, <a href="Glossary-S#Synesis">synesis</a>, <a href="Glossary-T#Tautology">tautology</a>, <a href="Glossary-Z#Zeugma">zeugma</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RhetoricalTheory" id="RhetoricalTheory"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rhetorical theory</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A communication theory which states that the communication process is neither a single process nor a linear process, but rather a dynamic process.</p> <h3><a name="RichContent" id="RichContent"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rich content</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">High quality information, often presented using advanced techniques to emphasize the message.</p> <h3><a name="RichMedia" id="RichMedia"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rich media</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Internet technology that involves animation, interactivity, or other special effects.</p> <h3><a name="RIFF" id="RIFF"><span style="color: #0000ff">RIFF</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Resource interchange file format. A format used to store sound and graphics files so they can be played by different types of computers.</p> <h3><a name="RightJustified" id="RightJustified"><span style="color: #0000ff">Right justified</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-F#FlushRight">flush right</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RightsPage" id="RightsPage"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rights page</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A section of a book that provides information such as available formats, catalog number, copyright statement, international standard book number (ISBN), permission to distribute, permission to reproduce, place of publication, and year of publication. Also called copyright page. See also <a href="Glossary-F#FrontMatter">front matter</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Risk" id="Risk"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, will have a positive or negative effect on a project’s objectives.</p> <h3><a name="RiskAcceptance" id="RiskAcceptance"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk acceptance</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A technique of risk response planning in which the project team decides not to change the project plan to deal with the risk or cannot identify any other suitable risk response strategy.</p> <h3><a name="RiskAnalysis" id="RiskAnalysis"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk analysis</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An examination of risk areas or events to assess the likelihood and probable consequences of each event or combination of events in the analysis, and to determine the possible options for risk avoidance.</p> <h3><a name="RiskAssessment" id="RiskAssessment"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk assessment</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Identification and quantification of project risks to ensure that they are understood and can be prioritized.</p> <h3><a name="RiskAverse" id="RiskAverse"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk averse</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An unwillingness to accept more than a low level of risk.</p> <h3><a name="RiskCategory" id="RiskCategory"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk category</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A source of potential risk reflecting external, organizational, project management, or technical sources.</p> <h3><a name="RiskDatabase" id="RiskDatabase"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk database</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A repository that provides for collection, maintenance, and analysis of data gathered and used in risk management processes.</p> <h3><a name="RiskEvent" id="RiskEvent"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk event</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A discrete occurrence that may affect the project.</p> <h3><a name="RiskIdentification" id="RiskIdentification"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk identification</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Determining which risks might affect the project and documenting their characteristics.</p> <h3><a name="RiskManagement" id="RiskManagement"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk management</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An approach to problem analysis that is used to identify what can go wrong, quantify and access associated risks, and implement/control the appropriate approach for preventing or handling each risk identified. <a href="http://www.tcbok.org/wiki/risk-management-guide/">GUIDE</a></p> <h3><a name="RiskManagementPlan" id="RiskManagementPlan"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk Management Plan</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A project document that defines how project risk analysis and management will be implemented in the project. It identifies, analyzes, and mitigates the potential risks that could impact the success of the project as measured in terms of cost, schedule, and technical success. Because risks evolve and change throughout the course of a project, it is imperative to reassess the risks and update the Risk Management Plan throughout the project’s life cycle. <a href="http://www.tcbok.org/wiki/risk-management-plan-template/">TEMPLATE</a></p> <h3><a name="RiskMonitoringAndControl" id="RiskMonitoringAndControl"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk monitoring and control</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Monitoring residual risks, identifying new risks, executing risk reduction plans, and evaluating their effectiveness throughout the project life cycle.</p> <h3><a name="RiskResponsePlan" id="RiskResponsePlan"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk Response Plan</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A document that details all identified risks, including their description, cause, probability of occurring, impacts on objectives, proposed responses, owners, and current status.</p> <h3><a name="RiskResponsePlanning" id="RiskResponsePlanning"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk response planning</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Developing procedures and techniques to enhance opportunities and reduce threats to the project’s objectives. The tools include acceptance, avoidance, mitigation, and transference.</p> <h3><a name="RiskSeeking" id="RiskSeeking"><span style="color: #0000ff">Risk seeking</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An eagerness to accept a high level of risk.</p> <h3><a name="Rivers" id="Rivers"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rivers</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Spaces between words that create irregular vertical lines of white space on a page.</p> <h3><a name="Robot" id="Robot"><span style="color: #0000ff">Robot</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-S#Spider">spider</a>.</p> <h3><a name="ROI" id="ROI"><span style="color: #0000ff">ROI</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#ReturnOnInvestment">Return on investment</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Rollout" id="Rollout"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rollout</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A widespread, phased introduction of a product or service.</p> <h3><a name="Rollover" id="Rollover"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rollover</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A feedback cue, such as a color change, information display, or sound that activates when the cursor moves over a particular part of a web page. Also called mouseover.</p> <h3><a name="RootCause" id="RootCause"><span style="color: #0000ff">Root cause</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The first or most basic cause of a problem or process noncomformance.</p> <h3><a name="RootCauseAnalysis" id="RootCauseAnalysis"><span style="color: #0000ff">Root cause analysis</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">The process of determining the underlying reasons for a problem or process noncomformance (for example, an error, fault, or failure) with the intent of preventing future occurrences.</p> <h3><a name="RSSDefinition" id="RSSDefinition"><span style="color: #0000ff">RSS</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#ReallySimpleSyndication">Really simple syndication</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RSSFileFormat" id="RSSFileFormat"><span style="color: #0000ff">RSS</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Really simple syndication file format.</p> <h3><a name="RSSFeed" id="RSSFeed"><span style="color: #0000ff">RSS feed</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">An XML file that provides content summaries and includes links to full content and other metadata.</p> <h3><a name="RTF" id="RTF"><span style="color: #0000ff">RTF</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Rich text file format.</p> <h3><a name="RTM" id="RTM"><span style="color: #0000ff">RTM</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RequirementsTraceabilityMatrix">Requirements Traceability Matrix</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RTP" id="RTP"><span style="color: #0000ff">RTP</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RealtimeTransportProtocol">Realtime transport protocol</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RTSP" id="RTSP"><span style="color: #0000ff">RTSP</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RealtimeTransportStreamingProtocol">Realtime transport streaming protocol</a>.</p> <h3><a name="Rubrics" id="Rubrics"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rubrics</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Specific criteria or guidelines used to evaluate students’ work.</p> <h3><a name="Rule" id="Rule"><span style="color: #0000ff">Rule</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">In typography, a vertical or horizontal line that separates areas on a page.</p> <h3><a name="RuninHeading" id="RuninHeading"><span style="color: #0000ff">Run-in heading</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">A heading, usually in bold or italic type, that appears on the same line as the subsequent text. See also <a href="Glossary-H#Heading">heading</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RunningFoot" id="RunningFoot"><span style="color: #0000ff">Running foot</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-F#Footer">footer</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RunningHead" id="RunningHead"><span style="color: #0000ff">Running head</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">See <a href="Glossary-H#Header">header</a>.</p> <h3><a name="RunonSentence" id="RunonSentence"><span style="color: #0000ff">Run-on sentence</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px">Two independent clauses joined together without a connecting word or punctuation to separate them. Also called fused sentence.</p> <h3><a name="RUP" id="RUP"><span style="color: #0000ff">RUP</span></a></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px"><a href="Glossary-R#RationalUnifiedProcess">Rational Unified Process</a>.</p> <p> </p> <p>Return to <a href="http://www.tcbok.org/wiki/glossary/">Glossary</a> home</p></span> <!-- attachments --> <!-- comments --> <!-- comments --> </td>
Excerpt


OldNewDate CreatedAuthorActions
April 17, 2018 @ 22:32:22 julialand
April 17, 2018 @ 22:32:18 [Autosave] julialand
April 1, 2014 @ 23:37:12 webmaster@stc.org